tv BBC World News America PBS February 11, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST
>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. >> i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
>> i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." i'm jane o'brien. >> we have detected gravitational waves. we did it. jane: a discovery for the ages. how a could change the way we understand the universe. as north korea releases video of its rocket launch, the risk on the peninsula grows deeper. it is a homecoming for the paintings of a new exhibit in the netherlands that shows off some of his most famous works.
welcome to our viewers in america and around the globe. it has been likened to the moment galileo looked through his telescope. scientists in washington announced today they have discovered gravitational waves. these are ripples that squeeze and stretch the fabric of space-time, the kind of thing found in hollywood films. they claim it would change how we learn about and explore the universe as our science editor explains. >> there is so much that is mysterious about the universe, occasionally there are breakthroughs and this one edges on the fate on two black holes in diffs than -- in distant space, triggering gravitational
waves, which have been a eerie, now confirmed. we have detected gravitational waves. we did it. [applause] discovery landmark and they unveiled a simulation of the sound of those black holes colliding. that is what we have been looking for. that is one of the beautiful things. we will be listening to the universe. albert einstein first suggested ways of gravity are rippling through the universe, triggered by huge events like distant stars exploding. these waves, radiate out at the speed of light, stretching and squeezing space as they raced through. when one of them reaches us, it exerts a tiny force, jolting the earth away from the sun by a minute amount. why does this matter?
it not only proves einstein was right, it opens up an entirely new way to look at space. until now, our knowledge has come from light waves and radio waves. gravitational waves, black holes might become clearer to us, as might neutron stars, which are sons that have collapsed. astronomers should see deeper into the universe, further back in time, even to win it all began with the big bang. the discovery was made with two vast detectors, four kilometers long with laser beams sensitive enough to pick up the ripples from space. for years, it was a struggle. when we filmed in 2003, the instruments were confused by the rumble of trains. after not great, they cracked it.
here is stephen hawking. it provides ag: new way of looking at the universe, the ability to protect them has the potential to revolutionize astronomy. has taken decades to plan and build the technology to make this possible. actuallyck holes spiraled a billion years ago. it has been traveling to us since then. we turned on our detectors at the right time. >> 50 years of effort are thing off, opening a remarkable new view of the heavens. jane: for more on what this means, i spoke with dr. s. james gates who serves on president obama's council of advisors.
professor, welcome and thank you for joining me. .t is mind blowing what does it mean for somebody as ordinary as me? >> thank you for the opportunity. this is a red letter day for physicist. but me give you an analogy. suppose you are watching a show with the sound turned down. you might enjoy the emotion, but you would not know the story. now turn the sound on and you get the story. we can hear the universe for the first time with this technology. not only will we watch it with light, we will hear it. it is a more complete story. jane: what are we listening for? prof. gates: the minute undulations of space and time, which is strange. we don't think of space as a thing.
einstein tells us that space and time are actual things you can and this technology allows us to hear it for the first time. jane: what are we likely to find? we heard about the beginning of space. will we see how the universe started? prof. gates: as of right now, we use light and the only thing we can see is there is a curtain call to because make microwave background. you can't see anything before that. it was a picture of our universe taken when the universe was 380 ,000 years old. it took its own baby picture. we can't see before that. now we can hear what happened that tohat and use explore what was the universe like all the way back to the big bang?
is amazing.ist, it it is like opening the door to a dark room and turning on the lights. that is where we are. that is why it is like galileo. jane: when will scientists start doing this? prof. gates: it will take a few years. the technology does not work like a telescope. detectors and they constitute the ligo project. there is one in involvement in japan. when all of them are working, then we will be able to pinpoint where the sound is coming from. we will be able to map out how the universe is restructured. it is just going to be the turning on the light in a dark room. the: you have turned on lights for me. thank you for putting that into plain english. prof. gates: you are quite welcome. jane: additional evidence has
come to light of the harsh conditions for children trapped in areas controlled by the islamic state. say they witnessed executions and were taught to .ight by teachers they have been speaking to our middle east correspondent. this is how you put on a suicide vest. mohammed is eight years old. it comes without thinking. 10-year-old lived under the so-called islamic state. they showed us video of kids killing people. they were not guilty. they were slaughtered. >> now they are in turkey. three months ago they lived in syria.
they witnessed killing close at hand. sometimes they would bring us six people to be beheaded. they would call us. once they brought two men and put them in the middle of the road. >> who did he kill? >> they were our neighbors. i can't remember their names. they worked on the top of the road. it is how they brainwash us. they say things like suicide bombing is good. up, you willrow become like these fighters. they don't care whether children live or die. children are a priority for the islamic state.
even the youngest are trained in sharia law. and battlefield tactics. they are attempting to thisalize a generation, as propaganda video shows. a teacher from inside says the jihadists are rewriting schoolbooks. they have changed some subjects. geography there were borders. in their books, the borders of the islamic state go from the atlantic to china and africa. >> the boys escaped, but thousands remain in their grip. small hands that know how to fire a gun. young minds taught to hate. the next generation of terror. quentin sommerville, abc news.
jane: a look at some other news from around the world and here the last member of the armed militia which occupied a wildlife sanctuary has surrendered to the fbi. david had refused to join the other men and woman who handed themselves over to authorities saying he would kill himself. they occupied the referee in protest of government interference in ranching rights. guard ined nazi germany has gone on trial in germany. prosecutors claim the 94-year-old guarded jewish prisoners as they arrived and may have escorted some to the gas chambers. he says he only served in a complex where no gassing took place. havexecutives from uber gone on trial in france for running an illegal taxi operation. the charges relate to the
service which connected customers to nonprofessional drivers. if found guilty, they could face five years in prison and $300,000 in fines. north korea has ordered all in the factory park amid rising tensions on the peninsula. launched athe north rocket and today released in this video of the event. in response, they said they were closing down operations at the industrial park. pyongyang called that a declaration of war and said it would now seize the assets of all south korean companies operating there. was at theest industrial park in october and a short time ago joined me from new york. thank you very much indeed. as i said, you were there. how important is it?
is it more than a symbol of cooperation? >> it certainly is an important symbol. not just of cooperation, but of a time in their relations where people thought -- thought there was hope of reconciliation and through a lot of ups and downs, it has held on. now things are looking bad for that small glimmer of hope of corporation between north and south. it is symbolically important. $100 million going to north korea. it is important for them. we are seeing a deterioration of relations. jane: tensions have always been rocky between north and south korea. broadly?s this >> it is very bad. break to howtural
bad it can get. the north koreans know if they start any significant hostilities, that will be the end. there is a lot of theater of conflict. it will go up to the brink and we are getting close to that point. as long as china continues to support for north korea, the north koreans know they can get away with a lot. jane: how much influence does china have? china seems to be getting frustrated. influence.s enormous should they choose to use it. the north koreans know that china would rather have a hostile nuclear armed north korea on its border than a reunified korea allied with united states. north korea is really pushing china. they are angering china. their nuclear weapons program threatens china more than any other country. it changes their behavior more than any other country.
north korea is betting that china, there is nothing they can do to anger china so much that china will cut off its lifeline to north korea. jane: a different story in the u.s. where they are talking about sanctions. how effective are the sanctions? it does not seem to have an impact on leadership. be more effective. the new bill is an important step. it will strengthen secondary sanctions on chinese companies oft are doing all kinds trade and deals with north korea. it will pinch north korea. it will not change their strategic calculus. the only thing that would change that is of china stopped providing them the political and economic support. jamie, thank you very much for joining us from new york. you are watching "bbc world news
america." for 500 years, the world has been fascinated by his paintings. a new exhibition highlights his work in the home of the netherlands. between rivalrawl drug gangs sparked a deadly riot leading 50 dead near monterrey. the violence comes ahead of a visit by pope francis. katy watson has more. as daybreak roque, family numbers called out for their loved ones, anxious to see their faces and know they survived. a fire broke out just after midnight. all of the developments were broke asked on television. the fight started between rival factions. one drug cartel was involved.
authorities said they had the situation under control within one hour. outside, it was a very different picture. tears for some. turning to anger for others, fed up for waiting. please, help us. the prison director needs to give us names. havence midnight, they said there was a riot. no one is giving us answers. later in official responded. >> the events at the penitentiary are regrettable and painful for the state. we are living a tragedy determined by the difficult situation across mexico. >> jails have been criticized for being corrupt and plagued by violence. this prison has housed a dangerous members of the cartel. -- pope francis will
visit another prison, once one of the most violent cities in the world. it is a reminder of how difficult it is to keep control. katy watson, bbc news, mexico city. critics frequently get a bad rap, even though we turn to them whether deciding to see a film. e if we disagree. one critic has taken a great step of defending his job. scott joined me a short time ago to talk about his new book. jane: thank you for joining me.
in your book, you say there is no accounting for taste. to tell thees you rest of us whether or not something is good? a.o.: there is an idea critics see themselves as great authorities. priestly authorities telling everybody what to do. i don't see it that way. first of all, we are people who care about the art form we are writing about. i go to the movies. i get to go to the movies earlier than other people. and report on what i have seen and what i think and to try to reaction,bjective which is all we have, into something that is useful for other people. jane: you say criticism is not very nice. i have read your reviews and gone, ouch. what personality do have to have? a.o.: you have to be honest. you have to be honest about the flaws and the strengths of what
you see. of you have to not be afraid hurting feelings or bruising egos. you also have to care about what you are watching or reading, whatever it is, to take it seriously and to judge it. it is often thought that criticism originates in resentment or nastiness or jealousy. in fact it starts out with love and enthusiasm. i have never met a film critic who hates movies. they love movies. jane: a lot of people think they are better critics. look at twitter and facebook. it seems judgment is more often than not made by likes. what impact is that half? it.: it democratize is there are more opinions and voices that are available. they have always been there.
we did not necessarily share them in the same way. if i want, i can read 1000 hour to ain one movie, or to my review. that can be overwhelming and noisy and dumb. not all expressions are the most polished. it is all excite -- it is also exciting because there are a lot of people interested in this. the challenge is to get and hold their attention, to think clearly and write well enough that my voice can be heard in this cacophony. jane: you are used to dishing it out. you have written a book. some reviews have not been nice. what is it like to be on the receiving end? read allade a vow to of the reviews.
it would be hypocritical not to. it is nice to get good ones. it is nice to be praised. sees also interesting to what people objected to, to see how they pushed back. how some of my fellow critics say that is not how i do it. he's wrong about that. personou are a much better than i am. i hate criticism. thank you for joining me. criticism,out perhaps few paintings contain more interesting images than those created by hieronymus bosch. been -- has more on a new exhibit of his work. [bell tolling] bosch is telling us about good and evil, heaven and hell.
seven deadly sins. >> a master of the weird and the strange, hieronymus bosch. a homecoming for paintings scattered across the world and here you can see what fed his imagination. >> this is the view he would have seen. the view has barely changed in 500 years. this image locals recognize. to see it you have to take a boat under the city. it's like hell because a lot of dead soldiers were buried here during the winter when they died. >> there are records of him everywhere. this market square, the building, it is still the landscape you would recognize.
this is his old house. he is everywhere. there is one thing you will not find -- >> the paintings. which is what makes this so extraordinary. paintings have come home. back for the first time in five centuries. walking across the market square where he lived and worked every day. and to have a painting like this, after 500 years, it is astonishing. >> this painting was kept in a storeroom for decades. this malignant toad, what does it mean? no one knows. are evil. -- owls coaxing has paid off. if we are to understand bosch,
it will be here. weird and wonderful indeed. thank you very much for joining us and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. >> i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
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